About 10% of the total area of Somaliland is classified as suitable for agricultural production of which 3% of the total area is actually under cultivation, while an additional 7% has potential for development in the future. The agricultural belt (Borama-Baki-Gebiley-Hargeisa) is inhabited by the 5-15% of the population who forms the agro-pastoral group. They farm but agriculture is mainly is considered as a complement to livestock production. Average farm size is eight hectares. Maize and sorghum are the predominant crops and are grown in 75% and 25% of land under rain fed farming by widely scattered small holders. Due to variability of weather, extreme fluctuations in production and yield are common. To a lesser extent millet, groundnuts and beans are also grown on a smaller scale.

Horticulture (vegetables and citrus) is practiced along banks of seasonal streams and perennial springs although bulk of such foodstuffs have to be imported.
Cultivated food crops include the following list:
1: Food crops:

Ø Sorghum
Ø Maize
Ø Cowpea
Ø Barley
Ø Sesame

2:Cash crops:

Ø Vegetables including: Tomato, onion, watermelon, melon, peppers, carrots, beetroot, coriander, lettuce and cabbage.

Ø Fruit crops: citrus (lemon, orange, rough lemon and mandarins), guava, mango, sour sop, sweet sop (anonias), guava, and banana.

Ø Fodder production is a totally new area and some entrepreneurs are investing as an integral part of modernized livestock husbandry.