Common Species

The most important fauna in the territorial water is the fish population according to the guide book of Somali marine resources published by FAO these are;

Types Families Species
Bony fishes 161 657
Sharks 14 45
Batoid 7 26
Lobsters 3 18
Shrimps 8 34

Source: Guide book of Somali marine: FAO

Common species
More than 54 families are found common in three fishing surveys. But each separate survey discovered more than 100 families. The reefs fish diversity was found to be extremely high and comparable to the healthiest reefs in the Indian Ocean and red sea.
The crustacean is another important fauna in, lobsters, the spinners, the bottle nose and

Schools of dolphins of 1500-1800 individuals were sighted. These were mainly bottle nose humpback spotted spinners and common dolphins.

The highest record of the turtle was 3-9 nests/km in Sa’adin Island. This may be related to the existence of coral reefs and algae beds, the favourable habitat of the turtle. Surveys indicate that two families namely chelonidae and demolonidea form the bulk of the turtle populations. Chelonidea seems to be the most abundant.

It is estimated that shark constitutes 40% of exploitable fish resources in Somali waters, neck fish project recorded in two years of research, 30 species of sharks from eleven families carcharhinidea family seems to be the most abundant followed by sphyrnidea.

A Swedish study conducted in 1975 stated that a potential of 100,000mt of fish are available in Somali coast along the Gulf of Aden. The general diverse species and the preserve of large schools of fish is indicative of a relatively unexploited marine resources.

Fishing has a promising future development and the potential to become one of the country’s foreign currency earners.