Livestock is the principal export commodity. Somaliland exports live animals (cattle, camels, sheep and goats), hides and skins, and chilled meat. Proceed from these exports are used to partly finance the importation of sugar, rice, wheat products, other food products, building materials, fuel, among other commodities.
Live animals exports totaled 3,374,050 heads in 2011, of which 3,116,978 were sheep and goats; 150,905 were cattle and 106,767 camels. The 2011 live animals’ exports represented a 15% increase from 2010, despite the severe drought that was experienced in the Great Horn of Africa region in early 2011 (Refer to LMIS data for more details).
Exports in 2012 are promising. In the first five months of 2012, total number of animals exported is just above 770,000 heads, representing a 33% and 26% increase during the same period in 2010 and 2011 respectively.