Introduction

Somaliland’s long shores of 850 kilometres are rich in fisheries resources. The oceanographic conditions in Somaliland coast are strongly influenced by the seasonal monsoon winds and a system of currents in the three bodies of waters i.e., the Indian Ocean, the red sea and the Arabian Sea.

From March to October, the south west monsoons drive a current to the east, whilst during October the north east monsoons reserves the prevailing currents during the onset of the southwest monsoons, a phenomenon known as upwelling takes place in the eastern coast of Somaliland. fishCold nutrient rich and oxygen deficient water is brought to the surface, influencing the biological productivity of the area and hence promoting phytoplankton and zooplankton blooms. All maritime activities cease during in June and September this is as a result of strong south westerly monsoon winds, however the situation does not affect navigation of large vessels.

The Somaliland coastal region is in pristine condition and it safe from pollution, destruction of coastal habitats, urbanization, or industrialization, untreated water waste, extensive illegal coral collection, exploitation of mineral resources, shrimps and fish farming.